PrEP is not for everyone. You can support clients to decide whether PrEP is right for them. During discussions, help your clients consider their level of HIV risk and the possible side effects, as well as their ability to cover the cost (i.e., insurance coverage), access a knowledgeable healthcare provider, adhere to a pill-taking regimen and attend regular medical visits. Each person has the right to decide whether or not to use PrEP as a prevention approach, on the basis of their own assessment of what is best for their health and well-being.
An undetectable viral load is where antiretroviral treatment (ART) has reduced your HIV to such small quantities that it can no longer be detected by standard blood tests. People living with HIV who have an undetectable viral load cannot pass HIV on through sex. Being undetectable does not mean your HIV is cured. There is still HIV in your body, although it has been reduced to very small amounts.
In 2020, the Kingdom of Eswatini was celebrated as the only country globally to achieve and surpass the 2030 global HIV treatment targets. By 2019, 96% of all people living with HIV knew their HIV status; 98% of all people diagnosed with HIV infection were on antiretroviral therapy, and 97% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy were virally suppressed. The country reduced new HIV infections by 66%, from 13,000 in 2010 to 4,500 in 2019.
Young people should be given proper knowledge on how to protect themselves from HIV. This involves the use of new technologies to break new ground on how best we can reach critical populations to provide HIV information on mobile devices and smartphones in a quest to address issues of stigma and misconceptions about HIV, as well as dealing with feelings of isolation that could lead to risky behaviours among the youth and adolescents.
It can cause chronic infection and puts people at high risk of death from cirrhosis and liver cancer. A safe and effective vaccine that offers a 98-100% protection against hepatitis B is available. Preventing Hepatitis B infection averts the development of complications including the development of chronic disease and liver cancer. Vaccination is the best way to prevent Hepatitis B. The Hepatitis B vaccine is typically given as a series of 3 shots over a period of 6 months.
Furthermore, consequences of food insecurity such as weight loss, low Body Mass Index (BMI) have all been shown to predict opportunistic infections. Finally, lack of food may hinder optimal absorption of certain antiretroviral medications, which may, in turn, contribute to treatment failure. Despite these concerns, climate change policies do not often include any measures to intensify HIV treatment and prevention programmes.
HIV can also be transmitted through sharing needles, syringes, and similar items. While extremely rare, it is possible to contract HIV in healthcare settings through contact with blood containing the virus. However, HIV doesn’t spread through insect bites, saliva, sweat, tears and hugs. And you certainly can’t get it from sharing towels or bedding, drinking glasses or eating utensils and toilet seats or swimming pools.
“The implementation of these prioritised programmes was guided by the human rights and gender-based considerations and further ensuring that the public health approach to service delivery is promoted to all persons without any form of discrimination.” He asserted. The Acting PM made it known to other world leaders that the Kingdom of Eswatini is committed to finance the response and encouraged donor partners to prioritise AIDS financing in order to sustain the gains we have made as a country.
In a study in Central America, 28 per cent of people living with HIV in the region say they have experienced some form of violence in the last 12 months. It is critical to clarify how GBV may act as a barrier to accessing HIV testing, linking to and staying engaged in HIV care and treatment, as well as PrEP, not only to address violence against individual women and meet their HIV care needs, but to also achieve public health-oriented HIV epidemic control goals.
The global 95-95-95 ENDING AIDS target means that 95% of people living with HIV in Eswatini know their status, that 95% of those who know their HIV positive status are accessing treatment and that 95% of people on treatment have suppressed viral load. This means, an entire generation of children are likely to be born HIV free because of wide treatment coverage. This shows how great progress is made when governments commit to investing in the health of their people.