In 2020, the Kingdom of Eswatini was celebrated as the only country globally to achieve and surpass the 2030 global HIV treatment targets. By 2019, 96% of all people living with HIV knew their HIV status; 98% of all people diagnosed with HIV infection were on antiretroviral therapy, and 97% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy were virally suppressed. The country reduced new HIV infections by 66%, from 13,000 in 2010 to 4,500 in 2019.
Young people should be given proper knowledge on how to protect themselves from HIV. This involves the use of new technologies to break new ground on how best we can reach critical populations to provide HIV information on mobile devices and smartphones in a quest to address issues of stigma and misconceptions about HIV, as well as dealing with feelings of isolation that could lead to risky behaviours among the youth and adolescents.
It can cause chronic infection and puts people at high risk of death from cirrhosis and liver cancer. A safe and effective vaccine that offers a 98-100% protection against hepatitis B is available. Preventing Hepatitis B infection averts the development of complications including the development of chronic disease and liver cancer. Vaccination is the best way to prevent Hepatitis B. The Hepatitis B vaccine is typically given as a series of 3 shots over a period of 6 months.
Furthermore, consequences of food insecurity such as weight loss, low Body Mass Index (BMI) have all been shown to predict opportunistic infections. Finally, lack of food may hinder optimal absorption of certain antiretroviral medications, which may, in turn, contribute to treatment failure. Despite these concerns, climate change policies do not often include any measures to intensify HIV treatment and prevention programmes.