PrEP is not for everyone. You can support clients to decide whether PrEP is right for them. During discussions, help your clients consider their level of HIV risk and the possible side effects, as well as their ability to cover the cost (i.e., insurance coverage), access a knowledgeable healthcare provider, adhere to a pill-taking regimen and attend regular medical visits. Each person has the right to decide whether or not to use PrEP as a prevention approach, on the basis of their own assessment of what is best for their health and well-being.
An undetectable viral load is where antiretroviral treatment (ART) has reduced your HIV to such small quantities that it can no longer be detected by standard blood tests. People living with HIV who have an undetectable viral load cannot pass HIV on through sex. Being undetectable does not mean your HIV is cured. There is still HIV in your body, although it has been reduced to very small amounts.
In 2020, the Kingdom of Eswatini was celebrated as the only country globally to achieve and surpass the 2030 global HIV treatment targets. By 2019, 96% of all people living with HIV knew their HIV status; 98% of all people diagnosed with HIV infection were on antiretroviral therapy, and 97% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy were virally suppressed. The country reduced new HIV infections by 66%, from 13,000 in 2010 to 4,500 in 2019.
Young people should be given proper knowledge on how to protect themselves from HIV. This involves the use of new technologies to break new ground on how best we can reach critical populations to provide HIV information on mobile devices and smartphones in a quest to address issues of stigma and misconceptions about HIV, as well as dealing with feelings of isolation that could lead to risky behaviours among the youth and adolescents.